 ### Solution(By Apex Team)

It is based on inverse proportion or product constancy concept. Reduction in price 20% amount of sugar will increase 25% It means, 25% = 6 Kg. So, Initially, total Sugar = 6 × 4 = 24Kg. Thus, Original price of the sugar was, $\frac{24}{24}$ = Rs. 10 per kg. Note: Let initial price of 100 kg Sugar was Rs. 100. Now, 20% decrease in rate then rate of 100 kg sugar would be Rs. 80. So, Rs. 80 = 100 kg sugar. Rs. 1 $=\frac{100}{80}$ kg sugar. Rs. 100 $=\frac{100 \times 100}{80}$ = 125 Kg sugar. Increment in sugar = 25 kg. % increment $=\frac{25 \times 100}{100}$ = 25%. Means 20% rate decrease, 25% of consumption increase.

## Related Questions on Profit and Loss

A. 45 : 56
B. 45 : 51
C. 47 : 56
D. 47 : 51

A. Rs. 2600
B. Rs. 2700
C. Rs. 2800
D. Rs. 3000

### A sells an article to B at a profit of 10% B sells the article back to A at a loss of 10%. In this transaction:

A. A neither losses nor gains
B. A makes a profit of 11%
C. A makes a profit of 20%
D. B loses 20%