होम Height and Distance The angle of elevation of the top of a tower..

0
25

# The angle of elevation of the top of a tower standing on a horizontal plane from a point A is α. After walking a distance ‘d’ towards the foot of the tower the angle of elevation is found to be β. The height of the tower is

A. $\frac{d}{\cot \alpha+\cot \beta}$ B. $\frac{d}{\cot \alpha-\cot \beta}$ C. $\frac{d}{\tan \beta-\tan t \alpha}$ D. $\frac{d}{\tan \beta+\tan t \alpha}$ Answer: Option B
Let AB be the tower and C is a point such that the angle of elevation of A is α. After walking towards the foot B of the tower, at D the angle of elevation is β. Let h be the height of the tower and DB = x Now in ΔACB, $\begin{array}{l}\tan\theta=\frac{\text{ Perpendicular }}{\text{ Base }}=\frac{AB}{CB}\\ \tan\alpha=\frac{h}{d+x}\\ \Rightarrow d+x=\frac{h}{\tan\alpha}\\ \Rightarrow d+x=h\cot\alpha\\ \Rightarrow x=h\cot\alpha-d\ldots\ldots\text{ (i) }\\ \text{Similarily in right }\triangle ADB,\\ \tan\beta=\frac{h}{x}\\ \Rightarrow x=\frac{h}{\tan\beta}\\ \Rightarrow x=h\cot\beta\ldots\ldots..\text{ (ii) }\\ \text{ From (i) and (ii) }\\ h\cot\alpha-d=h\cot\beta\\ \Rightarrow h\cot\alpha-h\cot\beta=d\\ \Rightarrow h(\cot\alpha-\cot\beta)=d\\ \Rightarrow h=\frac{d}{\cot\alpha-\cot\beta}\\ \therefore\text{ Height of the tower },\\ =\frac{d}{\cot\alpha-\cot\beta}\end{array}$